f

#### DOA estimation #2

```i have implemented MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithm using Matlab.i want to
know what are the variations or modifications  that can be done to
these algorithms.i have studied effect of varying SNR,antenna
elements,angular separation on these algorithms.but something more is
required.
```
 0
11/27/2008 1:29:32 PM
comp.dsp 20333 articles. 1 followers. allnor (8509) is leader.

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```On 27 Nov, 14:29, preetigup...@gmail.com wrote:
> i have implemented MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithm using Matlab.i want to
> know what are the variations or modifications =A0that can be done to
> these algorithms.i have studied effect of varying SNR,antenna
> elements,angular separation on these algorithms.but something more is
> required.

With ESPRIT you can check the Least Means Square method
against the Total Least Squares method. With MUSIC you
can check e.g. Classical MUSIC agains Root MUSIC (I remember

The most interesting tests are with model mis-match scenarios.
Both these methods are designed with a non-damped unscaled
expunential signal in mind. Try them with either a damping term
or a scale term and see how well they perform. Then try and
increase the number of signals. At some point, near N/2 where
N is the number of elements in the array, you might notice
some changes in the behaviour of the methods.

Rune
```
 0
allnor (8509)
11/27/2008 2:24:39 PM
```>On 27 Nov, 14:29, preetigup...@gmail.com wrote:
>> i have implemented MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithm using Matlab.i want to
>> know what are the variations or modifications =A0that can be done to
>> these algorithms.i have studied effect of varying SNR,antenna
>> elements,angular separation on these algorithms.but something more is
>> required.
>
>With ESPRIT you can check the Least Means Square method
>against the Total Least Squares method. With MUSIC you
>can check e.g. Classical MUSIC agains Root MUSIC (I remember
>
>The most interesting tests are with model mis-match scenarios.
>Both these methods are designed with a non-damped unscaled
>expunential signal in mind. Try them with either a damping term
>or a scale term and see how well they perform. Then try and
>increase the number of signals. At some point, near N/2 where
>N is the number of elements in the array, you might notice
>some changes in the behaviour of the methods.
>
>Rune
>

thanks for replying.i cant compare LS-ESPRIT with TLS.cant work with
existing methods.have to do some little modification in MUSIC and ESPRIT.i
am not getting your point that how to use damping term or scale term.can
you give an example that what exactly signal can i take.it will be of
help.

Preeti

```
 0
11/28/2008 12:59:57 PM
```On 28 Nov, 13:59, "preetigupta" <preeti_engin...@yahoo.com> wrote:
> >On 27 Nov, 14:29, preetigup...@gmail.com wrote:
> >> i have implemented MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithm using Matlab.i want to
> >> know what are the variations or modifications =A0that can be done to
> >> these algorithms.i have studied effect of varying SNR,antenna
> >> elements,angular separation on these algorithms.but something more is
> >> required.
>
> >With ESPRIT you can check the Least Means Square method
> >against the Total Least Squares method. With MUSIC you
> >can check e.g. Classical MUSIC agains Root MUSIC (I remember
>
> >The most interesting tests are with model mis-match scenarios.
> >Both these methods are designed with a non-damped unscaled
> >expunential signal in mind. Try them with either a damping term
> >or a scale term and see how well they perform. Then try and
> >increase the number of signals. At some point, near N/2 where
> >N is the number of elements in the array, you might notice
> >some changes in the behaviour of the methods.
>
> >Rune
>
> thanks for replying.i cant compare LS-ESPRIT with TLS.cant work with
> existing methods.have to do some little modification in MUSIC and ESPRIT.i
> am not getting your point that how to use damping term or scale term.can
> you give an example that what exactly signal can i take.it will be of
> help.

The basic signal model for MUSIC and ESPRIT is the complex
exponential

s(x) = exp(jkx)

where k is the wavenumber you use to derive the DoA,

k = cos(phi)/c.

In the real world there will be a damping term,

s(x) = exp(jkx + ax)

and with point sources there might be scaling terms
as well, if you measure the signal close to the source

s(x) = 1/sqrt(kx) exp(jkx).

So try and model the signals with daming terms or scaling
terms, and see how well the DoA estimators perform.

- How large daming terms can they cope with?
- How close to the source can you get and still
get good results?

And so on.

Rune

```
 0
allnor (8509)
11/28/2008 2:00:57 PM
```>On 28 Nov, 13:59, "preetigupta" <preeti_engin...@yahoo.com> wrote:
>> >On 27 Nov, 14:29, preetigup...@gmail.com wrote:
>> >> i have implemented MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithm using Matlab.i want
to
>> >> know what are the variations or modifications =A0that can be done
to
>> >> these algorithms.i have studied effect of varying SNR,antenna
>> >> elements,angular separation on these algorithms.but something more
is
>> >> required.
>>
>> >With ESPRIT you can check the Least Means Square method
>> >against the Total Least Squares method. With MUSIC you
>> >can check e.g. Classical MUSIC agains Root MUSIC (I remember
>>
>> >The most interesting tests are with model mis-match scenarios.
>> >Both these methods are designed with a non-damped unscaled
>> >expunential signal in mind. Try them with either a damping term
>> >or a scale term and see how well they perform. Then try and
>> >increase the number of signals. At some point, near N/2 where
>> >N is the number of elements in the array, you might notice
>> >some changes in the behaviour of the methods.
>>
>> >Rune
>>
>> thanks for replying.i cant compare LS-ESPRIT with TLS.cant work with
>> existing methods.have to do some little modification in MUSIC and
ESPRIT.i
>> am not getting your point that how to use damping term or scale
term.can
>> you give an example that what exactly signal can i take.it will be of
>> help.
>
>The basic signal model for MUSIC and ESPRIT is the complex
>exponential
>
>s(x) = exp(jkx)
>
>where k is the wavenumber you use to derive the DoA,
>
>k = cos(phi)/c.
>
>In the real world there will be a damping term,
>
>s(x) = exp(jkx + ax)
>
>and with point sources there might be scaling terms
>as well, if you measure the signal close to the source
>
>s(x) = 1/sqrt(kx) exp(jkx).
>
>So try and model the signals with daming terms or scaling
>terms, and see how well the DoA estimators perform.
>
>- How large daming terms can they cope with?
>- How close to the source can you get and still
>  get good results?
>
>And so on.
>
>Rune
>
>
Thanks for giving such valuable information.but i am facing problem.when i
add damping terms to my algorithm,then it is not giving accurate results.i
have tried both positive and negative term for damping.can u help.

Preeti

```
 0
12/2/2008 10:39:08 AM
```On 2 Des, 11:39, "preetigupta" <preeti_engin...@yahoo.com> wrote:
> >On 28 Nov, 13:59, "preetigupta" <preeti_engin...@yahoo.com> wrote:
> >> >On 27 Nov, 14:29, preetigup...@gmail.com wrote:
> >> >> i have implemented MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithm using Matlab.i want
> to
> >> >> know what are the variations or modifications =3DA0that can be done
> to
> >> >> these algorithms.i have studied effect of varying SNR,antenna
> >> >> elements,angular separation on these algorithms.but something more
> is
> >> >> required.
>
> >> >With ESPRIT you can check the Least Means Square method
> >> >against the Total Least Squares method. With MUSIC you
> >> >can check e.g. Classical MUSIC agains Root MUSIC (I remember
>
> >> >The most interesting tests are with model mis-match scenarios.
> >> >Both these methods are designed with a non-damped unscaled
> >> >expunential signal in mind. Try them with either a damping term
> >> >or a scale term and see how well they perform. Then try and
> >> >increase the number of signals. At some point, near N/2 where
> >> >N is the number of elements in the array, you might notice
> >> >some changes in the behaviour of the methods.
>
> >> >Rune
>
> >> thanks for replying.i cant compare LS-ESPRIT with TLS.cant work with
> >> existing methods.have to do some little modification in MUSIC and
> ESPRIT.i
> >> am not getting your point that how to use damping term or scale
> term.can
> >> you give an example that what exactly signal can i take.it will be of
> >> help.
>
> >The basic signal model for MUSIC and ESPRIT is the complex
> >exponential
>
> >s(x) =3D exp(jkx)
>
> >where k is the wavenumber you use to derive the DoA,
>
> >k =3D cos(phi)/c.
>
> >In the real world there will be a damping term,
>
> >s(x) =3D exp(jkx + ax)
>
> >and with point sources there might be scaling terms
> >as well, if you measure the signal close to the source
>
> >s(x) =3D 1/sqrt(kx) exp(jkx).
>
> >So try and model the signals with daming terms or scaling
> >terms, and see how well the DoA estimators perform.
>
> >- How large daming terms can they cope with?
> >- How close to the source can you get and still
> > =A0get good results?
>
> >And so on.
>
> >Rune
>
> Thanks for giving such valuable information.but i am facing problem.when =
i
> add damping terms to my algorithm,then it is not giving accurate results.=
i
> have tried both positive and negative term for damping.can u help.

That's what the test was intended to demonstrate. There is
nothing you can do about that, other than do tests and see
how sensitive the DoA estimate is with respect to all these
terms that are not included in the sum-of-sines signal.

Rune
```
 0
allnor (8509)
12/2/2008 10:51:11 AM

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Hi All, PyDev 2.2.2 has been released Details on PyDev: http://pydev.org Details on its development: http://pydev.blogspot.com Release Highlights: ------------------------------- **IPython / Interactive console** * IPython (0.10 or 0.11) is now used as the interactive console backend if PyDev can detect it in the PYTHONPATH. * While waiting for the output of a command, intermediary results are printed in the console. * ANSI color codes are supported in the interactive console. **Code Analysis** * Reporting variables that shadow builtins as warnings. * Fixed issue where __dict__ was not found. **Code completion** * Aliases have a better treatment (i.e.: unittest.assertEqual will show the proper type/parameters). * Improved support for analyzing function builtins where the return type is known (i.e.: open, str.split, etc). **Debugger** * When doing a remote debug session, if the files cannot be found in the local filesystem, PyDev will ask for files in the remote debugger. **Editor** * Files without extension that have a python shebang (e.g.: #!/usr/bin/python in the first line) are automatically opened with the PyDev editor (in the PyDev Package Explorer). **Django** * When the shell command is used in the django custom commands, PyDev no longer uses 100% cpu while it doesn't complete. **Others** * Fixed issue where the * operator was not properly formatted. *...

Freewrap6.2 and Snack 2.2
I'm done for now with that script I was working. Decided to wrap it and found that Snack is not included in Freewrap. So I thought, well, I just source the snack.tcl file. Nope, don't work either. How do I wrap my script and include snack with it? Will startkit be a better option? I am so used to Freewrap... Any help will be appreciated. Thanks, Fernando Fernando Quinones wrote: > I'm done for now with that script I was working. Decided to wrap it and > found that Snack is not included in Freewrap. So I thought, well, I just > source the snack.tcl file. Nope, don't work either. How do I wrap my > script and include snack with it? Will startkit be a better option? I am > so used to Freewrap... Any help will be appreciated. > Snack is not a "pure" tcl extension, See the freewrap documentation on how to include binary extensions. I have done this a long time in the past with some success - but it was a bit tricky, but worked well. I had to provide the dll's for the binary extensions to get the executable to work on a machine without tcl installed (windows). I have since used starkit/starpack for similar things and it works OK too. Regards Paul Paul Whitfield wrote: > Fernando Quinones wrote: >> I'm done for now with that script I was working. Decided to wrap it >> and found that Snack is not included in Freewrap. So I thought, well, >> I just source the snack.tcl file. Nope, don't wor...

Web resources about - DOA estimation #2 - comp.dsp

Estimation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
... here. For the racehorse, see Estimate (horse) . For the card game, see Estimate (card game) . For the symbol, see Estimated sign . Estimation ...

→ Why are software development task estimations regularly off by a factor of 2-3?
Michael Wolfe: Let’s take a hike on the coast from San Francisco to Los Angeles to visit our friends in Newport Beach. Amazing.

Agile Estimation with the Bucket System
The “Bucket System” is a way to do estimation of large numbers of items with a small to medium sized group of people, and to do it quickly. The ...

Blind Estimation for Planning Poker
When helping people learn Planning Poker I always ask what will happen if one person plays/says their estimate before anyone else. Many people ...

Late Projects Caused By Poor Estimation and Other Red Herrings
Late Projects Caused By Poor Estimation and Other Red Herrings 12/08/2006 I've been seeing a pattern lately with Agile projects. It's not ...

Evolving Estimation Process
... yesterday. What I hope you can see from the photo is engagement of everyone in the conversation. It's quite unlike many tedious story estimation ...

Volvo Experimenting With 'Driver State Estimation' System
... announced it is experimenting with "driver sensors" to try cutting down on driver inattention while behind the wheel. The "Driver State Estimation," ...

BBC World Service poll: Why has the UK gone up in people's estimations?
People's opinions of the UK have improved markedly since 2012, according to a BBC World Service poll of more than 26,000 global citizens. BUt ...

Contract Estimation and Jarrod Saltalamacchia
Alex Skillin summarized the transactions in the catching market quite nicely; now that some of the dust has settled on the catching market, it’s ...