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ioctl program giving invalid argument error

I am trying to successfully run the following program that I downloaded
from the net.I have commented some part.The program compiles and
executable is formed fine.But when I give the command line arguments on
giving -s option I get the error of invalid argument :-

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <netdb.h>
//#include "nlist.h"
#include <net/if.h>
#include <netinet/if_ether.h>

extern int errno;

main(argc, argv)
        char **argv;
{
        if (argc >= 2 && strcmp(argv[1], "-a") == 0) {
#ifdef pdp11
                char *kernel = "/netnix", *mem = "/dev/mem";
#else
                char *kernel = "/unix", *mem = "/dev/kmem";
#endif

                if (argc >= 3)
                        kernel = argv[2];
                if (argc >= 4)
                        mem = argv[3];
        //      dump(kernel, mem);
                exit(0);
        }
        if (argc == 2) {
                get(argv[1]);
                exit(0);
        }
        if (argc >= 4 && strcmp(argv[1], "-s") == 0) {
                printf("\n in set addr");
                if (set(argc-2, &argv[2]))
                        exit(1);
                exit(0);
        }
        if (argc == 3 && strcmp(argv[1], "-d") == 0) {
                delete(argv[2]);
           exit(0);
        }
        if (argc == 3 && strcmp(argv[1], "-f") == 0) {
                if (file(argv[2]))
                        exit(1);
                exit(0);
        }
        usage();
        exit(1);
}

/*
 * Process a file to set standard arp entries
 */
file(name)
        char *name;
{
        FILE *fp;
        int i;
        char line[100], arg[5][50], *args[5];
        int retval;

        if ((fp = fopen(name, "r")) == NULL) {
                fprintf(stderr, "arp: cannot open %s\n", name);
                exit(1);
        }
        args[0] = &arg[0][0];
        args[1] = &arg[1][0];
        args[2] = &arg[2][0];
        args[3] = &arg[3][0];
        args[4] = &arg[4][0];
        retval = 0;
        while(fgets(line, 100, fp) != NULL) {
                i = sscanf(line, "%s %s %s %s %s", arg[0], arg[1],
arg[2],
                    arg[3], arg[4]);
                if (i < 2) {
                        fprintf(stderr, "arp: bad line: %s\n", line);
                        retval = 1;
                        continue;
                }
                if (set(i, args))
                        retval = 1;

 }
        fclose(fp);
        return (retval);
}

/*
 * Set an individual arp entry
 */
set(argc, argv)
        char **argv;
{
        struct arpreq ar;
        struct hostent *hp;
        struct sockaddr_in *sin;
        u_char *ea;
        int s;
        char *host = argv[0], *eaddr = argv[1];

        printf("\nargv[0]=%s",argv[0]);
        printf("\nargv[1]=%s",argv[1]);

        argc -= 2;
        argv += 2;
        bzero((caddr_t)&ar, sizeof ar);
        sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&ar.arp_pa;
        sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
        sin->sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(host);
        if (sin->sin_addr.s_addr == -1) {
                hp = gethostbyname(host);
                if (hp == NULL) {
                        fprintf(stderr, "arp: %s: unknown host\n",
host);
                        return (1);
                }
                bcopy((char *)hp->h_addr, (char *)&sin->sin_addr,
                    sizeof sin->sin_addr);
        }
        ea = (u_char *)ar.arp_ha.sa_data;
        if (ether_aton(eaddr, ea))
                return (1);
        ar.arp_flags = ATF_PERM;
        while (argc-- > 0) {
 if (strncmp(argv[0], "temp", 4) == 0)
                        ar.arp_flags &= ~ATF_PERM;
                if (strncmp(argv[0], "pub", 3) == 0)
                        ar.arp_flags |= ATF_PUBL;
                if (strncmp(argv[0], "trail", 5) == 0)
                        ar.arp_flags |= ATF_USETRAILERS;
                argv++;
        }

        s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
        if (s < 0) {
                perror("arp: socket");
                exit(1);
        }
        if (ioctl(s, SIOCSARP, (caddr_t)&ar) < 0) {
                perror(host);
                exit(1);
        }
        close(s);
        return (0);
}


/*
 * Display an individual arp entry
 */
get(host)
        char *host;
{
        struct arpreq ar;
        struct hostent *hp;
        struct sockaddr_in *sin;
        u_char *ea;
        int s;

        bzero((caddr_t)&ar, sizeof ar);
        ar.arp_pa.sa_family = AF_INET;
        sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&ar.arp_pa;
        sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
        sin->sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(host);
        if (sin->sin_addr.s_addr == -1) {
                hp = gethostbyname(host);
if (hp == NULL) {
                        fprintf(stderr, "arp: %s: unknown host\n",
host);
                        exit(1);
                }
                bcopy((char *)hp->h_addr, (char *)&sin->sin_addr,
                    sizeof sin->sin_addr);
        }
        s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
        if (s < 0) {
                perror("arp: socket");
                exit(1);
        }
        if (ioctl(s, SIOCGARP, (caddr_t)&ar) < 0) {
                if (errno == ENXIO)
                        printf("%s (%s) -- no entry\n",
                            host, inet_ntoa(sin->sin_addr));
                else
                        perror("SIOCGARP");
                exit(1);
        }
        close(s);
        ea = (u_char *)ar.arp_ha.sa_data;
        printf("%s (%s) at ", host, inet_ntoa(sin->sin_addr));
        if (ar.arp_flags & ATF_COM)
                ether_print(ea);
        else
                printf("(incomplete)");
        if (ar.arp_flags & ATF_PERM) printf(" permanent");
        if (ar.arp_flags & ATF_PUBL) printf(" published");
        if (ar.arp_flags & ATF_USETRAILERS) printf(" trailers");
        printf("\n");
}

/*
 * Delete an arp entry
 */
delete(host)
        char *host;
{
        struct arpreq ar;
        struct hostent *hp;
        struct sockaddr_in *sin;
        int s;
bzero((caddr_t)&ar, sizeof ar);
        ar.arp_pa.sa_family = AF_INET;
        sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&ar.arp_pa;
        sin->sin_family = AF_INET;
        sin->sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(host);
        if (sin->sin_addr.s_addr == -1) {
                hp = gethostbyname(host);
                if (hp == NULL) {
                        fprintf(stderr, "arp: %s: unknown host\n",
host);
                        exit(1);
                }
                bcopy((char *)hp->h_addr, (char *)&sin->sin_addr,
                    sizeof sin->sin_addr);
        }
        s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
        if (s < 0) {
                perror("arp: socket");
                exit(1);
        }
        if (ioctl(s, SIOCDARP, (caddr_t)&ar) < 0) {
                if (errno == ENXIO)
                        printf("%s (%s) -- no entry\n",
                            host, inet_ntoa(sin->sin_addr));
                else
                        perror("SIOCDARP");
                exit(1);
        }
        close(s);
        printf("%s (%s) deleted\n", host, inet_ntoa(sin->sin_addr));
}


ether_print(cp)
        u_char *cp;
{
        printf("%x:%x:%x:%x:%x:%x", cp[0], cp[1], cp[2], cp[3], cp[4],
cp[5]);
}

ether_aton(a, n)
        char *a;
        u_char *n;
{
        int i, o[6];

        i = sscanf(a, "%x:%x:%x:%x:%x:%x", &o[0], &o[1], &o[2],
                                           &o[3], &o[4], &o[5]);
        if (i != 6) {
                fprintf(stderr, "arp: invalid Ethernet address '%s'\n",
a);
                return (1);
        }
        for (i=0; i<6; i++)
                n[i] = o[i];
        return (0);
}

usage()
{
        printf("Usage: arp hostname\n");
        printf("       arp -a [/vmunix] [/dev/kmem]\n");
        printf("       arp -d hostname\n");
        printf("       arp -s hostname ether_addr [temp] [pub]
[trail]\n");
        printf("       arp -f filename\n");
}

[root]gcc -c arp.c
[root]gcc -o arp arp.c
[root]./arp -s 172.26.28.74 11:14:22:42:48:E6

 in set addr
argv[0]=172.26.28.74
172.26.28.74: Invalid argument

0
jeniffer
4/24/2006 11:26:40 AM
comp.linux.development.system 5436 articles. 0 followers. zixenus (12) is leader. Post Follow

1 Replies
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On Mon, 24 Apr 2006 04:26:40 -0700, jeniffer wrote:

> I am trying to successfully run the following program that I downloaded
> from the net.

Download a normal Linux source instead of the BSD stuff that you've got.

>         s = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

Try using 4 for the protocol type.

-- Pete

0
Pete
4/24/2006 7:16:31 PM
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