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Usb CompactFlash, mount: /dev/sda1 is not a valid block device

Hi,

I have a problem with mounting a CompactFlash card using a card
reader.  I've followed all the instructions I could find via Google
but still no joy.  When mounting the card as a disk there are two
errors:

root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sda1,
       or too many mounted file systems
root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
mount: /dev/sda1 is not a valid block device


The card reader is a Belkin F5U140 and plugs into the USB port.  I
have tried three different CF cards, two of which contain images and
can be viewed without problem on a Nikon CP4300 digital camera.

The kernel log messages (below) indicate that the cards are recognised
as CompactFlash, even the size seems okay (64MB & 256MB cards), but
the partition table cannot be read.

Below is pasted all of the diagnostics I could find.  *Any* help much
appreciated as I've exhausted the howto's and google search and am now
completely stumped.  Further info on request...

Cheers,
-bernie.


root@netvista:~# uname -a
Linux netvista 2.2.20 #1 Thu Feb 26 18:12:28 UTC 2004 i686 unknown
root@netvista:~# lsmod
Module                  Size  Used by
vfat                    9428   0  (autoclean)
usb-storage            11464   0
st                     24588   0  (autoclean) (unused)
ide-scsi                7060   0  (autoclean)
sg                     14928   0  (autoclean)
usb-uhci               18220   0  (unused)
mousedev                3608   0  (unused)
hid                    11396   0  (unused)
usbcore                43920   1  [usb-storage usb-uhci hid]
input                   2700   0  [mousedev hid]
lockd                  42420   0  (autoclean) (unused)
sunrpc                 57816   0  (autoclean) [lockd]
ppp_deflate            38308   2  (autoclean)
bsd_comp                3688   0  (autoclean)
ppp                    20316   2  (autoclean) [ppp_deflate bsd_comp]
slhc                    4384   1  (autoclean) [ppp]
eepro100               14888   1  (autoclean)
af_packet               6152   0  (unused)
unix                   11352  10  (autoclean)
root@netvista:~# lspci -v | grep HCI
00:1f.2 USB Controller: Intel Corp. 82820 820 (Camino 2) Chipset USB
(Hub A) (rev 01) (prog-if 00 [UHCI])
root@netvista:~# cat /proc/scsi/scsi
Attached devices:
Host: scsi1 Channel: 00 Id: 00 Lun: 00
  Vendor: OEI-USB  Model: CompactFlash     Rev: 5.01
  Type:   Direct-Access                    ANSI SCSI revision: 02
root@netvista:~# cat /proc/scsi/usb/1
   Host scsi1: usb-storage
        Vendor:
      Product: USB CompactFlash
Serial Number: C41C96BD1C
     Protocol: Transparent SCSI
    Transport: Bulk
          GUID: 55aab000000000c41c96bd1c
root@netvista:~# cat /proc/bus/usb/devices
T:  Bus=01 Lev=00 Prnt=00 Port=00 Cnt=00 Dev#=  1 Spd=12  MxCh= 2
B:  Alloc=  0/900 us ( 0%), #Int=  0, #Iso=  0
D:  Ver= 1.00 Cls=09(hub  ) Sub=00 Prot=00 MxPS= 8 #Cfgs=  1
P:  Vendor=0000 ProdID=0000 Rev= 0.00
S:  Product=USB UHCI Root Hub
S:  SerialNumber=fb00
C:* #Ifs= 1 Cfg#= 1 Atr=40 MxPwr=  0mA
I:  If#= 0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 1 Cls=09(hub  ) Sub=00 Prot=00 Driver=hub
E:  Ad=81(I) Atr=03(Int.) MxPS=   8 Ivl=255ms
T:  Bus=01 Lev=01 Prnt=01 Port=00 Cnt=01 Dev#=  2 Spd=12  MxCh= 0
D:  Ver= 1.10 Cls=00(>ifc ) Sub=00 Prot=00 MxPS= 8 #Cfgs=  1
P:  Vendor=55aa ProdID=b000 Rev= 5.00
S:  Manufacturer=
S:  Product=USB CompactFlash
S:  SerialNumber=C41C96BD1C
C:* #Ifs= 1 Cfg#= 1 Atr=80 MxPwr=100mA
I:  If#= 0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 2 Cls=08(stor.) Sub=06 Prot=50
Driver=usb-storage
E:  Ad=01(O) Atr=02(Bulk) MxPS=  64 Ivl=  0ms
E:  Ad=82(I) Atr=02(Bulk) MxPS=  64 Ivl=  0ms
root@netvista:~# dump_usbdev
class 0x9 subclass 0x0 protocol 0x0 module <module_name>
vendor 0x55aa product 0xb000 module <module_name>
root@netvista:~# sg_scan
/dev/sg0: scsi1 channel=0 id=0 lun=0 [em]  type=0
root@netvista:~# sg_map
/dev/sg0  /dev/sda

Output from 'tail -f /var/log/messages', while attempting the two
mount commands as at the top of this post, first with a 64MB
"Dane-Elec" card:

(sorry if this wraps)

> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 2, frame# 654
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: SCSI device sda: hdwr sector= 512 bytes. Sectors= 128512 [62 MB] [0.1 GB]
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 3, frame# 672
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: sda: Write Protect is off
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel:  sda: sda1
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: Device busy for revalidation (usage=1)
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: scsidisk I/O error: dev 08:01, sector 0
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: FAT bread failed
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:27:43 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0

> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 2, frame# 142
> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel: SCSI device sda: hdwr sector= 512 bytes. Sectors= 128512 [62 MB] [0.1 GB]
> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 3, frame# 160
> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel: sda: Write Protect is off
> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel:  sda:scsidisk I/O error: dev 08:00, sector 0
> Apr  1 20:27:45 netvista kernel:  unable to read partition table

Then with a 256MB "integral" card:

> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 2, frame# 504
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: SCSI device sda: hdwr sector= 512 bytes. Sectors= 507904 [248 MB] [0.2 GB]
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 3, frame# 522
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: sda: Write Protect is off
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel:  sda: sda1
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: Device busy for revalidation (usage=1)
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: scsidisk I/O error: dev 08:01, sector 0
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: FAT bread failed
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:30:11 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0

> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel: SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel: ^ISense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0
> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 2, frame# 1060
> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel: SCSI device sda: hdwr sector= 512 bytes. Sectors= 507904 [248 MB] [0.2 GB]
> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel: usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 3, frame# 1078
> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel: sda: Write Protect is off
> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel:  sda:scsidisk I/O error: dev 08:00, sector 0
> Apr  1 20:30:15 netvista kernel:  unable to read partition table

0
news-03 (4)
4/1/2004 8:12:18 AM
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Dances With Crows <danSPANceswitTRAPhcrows@usa.net> wrote:

> On Thu, 01 Apr 2004 09:12:18 +0100, news-03@foobar.clara.co.uk staggered
> into the Black Sun and said:
> > I have a problem with mounting a CompactFlash card using a card
> > root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
> > [fails]
> 
> You typically make directories like /mnt/floppy , /mnt/cdrom , and
> /mnt/cf for things, instead of mounting things directly on /mnt.  Makes
> things easier if you have a lot of devices.

Yes, I use /floppy and /cdrom normally, but this is just a test...

> Yep, weird errors and spurious interrupts from the USB subsystem, almost
> exactly what I got when trying to use an Archos 6000 on a machine with a
> 2.2 kernel.  It worked fine on a 2.4 kernel.  The 2.4 kernel has other
> advantages, like support for more recent hardware and a greatly expanded
> USB device list, so unless there are really compelling reasons to stay with
> 2.2.20, go upgrade that kernel.

ok, thanks.  Just upgraded the kernel to 2.4.18 and still the same
problem (slightly different errors).

So now I'm wondering if a later kernel may help, or if I can tweak
something here: /usr/src/linux/drivers/usb/storage/unusual_devs.h
....and recompile.

Cheers,
-bernie.
0
news-03 (4)
4/1/2004 12:41:09 PM
On Thu, 01 Apr 2004 09:12:18 +0100, news-03@foobar.clara.co.uk staggered
into the Black Sun and said:
> I have a problem with mounting a CompactFlash card using a card
> root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
> [fails]

You typically make directories like /mnt/floppy , /mnt/cdrom , and
/mnt/cf for things, instead of mounting things directly on /mnt.  Makes
things easier if you have a lot of devices.

> The card reader is a Belkin F5U140 and plugs into the USB port.  I
> root@netvista:~# uname -a
> Linux netvista 2.2.20 #1 Thu Feb 26 18:12:28 UTC 2004 i686 unknown

I've never had much luck getting USB Mass Storage devices to work under
the 2.2 kernel.  It's time to upgrade your kernel to 2.4 IMHO, remember
that 2.6 is out!

> : usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 2, frame# 654
> : SCSI device sda: hdwr sector= 512 bytes. Sectors= 128512 [62 MB] [0.1 GB]
> : usb-uhci.c: interrupt, status 3, frame# 672
> : sda: Write Protect is off
> :  sda: sda1
> : SCSI error: host 1 id 0 lun 0 return code = 8000001
> : Sense class 7, sense error 0, extended sense 0

Yep, weird errors and spurious interrupts from the USB subsystem, almost
exactly what I got when trying to use an Archos 6000 on a machine with a
2.2 kernel.  It worked fine on a 2.4 kernel.  The 2.4 kernel has other
advantages, like support for more recent hardware and a greatly expanded
USB device list, so unless there are really compelling reasons to stay with
2.2.20, go upgrade that kernel.

-- 
Matt G|There is no Darkness in Eternity/But only Light too dim for us to see
Brainbench MVP for Linux Admin /    mail: TRAP + SPAN don't belong
http://www.brainbench.com     /                Hire me! 
-----------------------------/ http://crow202.dyndns.org/~mhgraham/resume
0
4/1/2004 8:41:38 PM
news-03@foobar.clara.co.uk wrote:

> Hi,
> 
> I have a problem with mounting a CompactFlash card using a card
> reader.  I've followed all the instructions I could find via Google
> but still no joy.  When mounting the card as a disk there are two
> errors:
> 
> root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
> mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sda1,
>        or too many mounted file systems
> root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
> mount: /dev/sda1 is not a valid block device
> 
> 
> The card reader is a Belkin F5U140 and plugs into the USB port.  I
> have tried three different CF cards, two of which contain images and
> can be viewed without problem on a Nikon CP4300 digital camera.

I had a F5U140  and it didn't work with the 2.4.20 kernel.  Same errors as
you got.  I switched to a SanDisk reader and that was fine.

-- 
Stephen Watson     http://www.kerofin.demon.co.uk/

I woke up and I had a big idea/To buy a new soul at the start of every year
I paid up and it cost me pretty dear/Here's a hymn to those that disappear
0
4/1/2004 10:24:15 PM
In comp.os.linux.misc,  <news-03@foobar.clara.co.uk> wrote:
> root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
> mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sda1,
>        or too many mounted file systems
> root@netvista:~# mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
> mount: /dev/sda1 is not a valid block device

Why the difference? Did you change something about the hardware
between the two?

Anyway, one gotcha I've seen with usb-mass storage is the partition
may be funny. I've read about people needing to mount the raw device
(eg "/dev/sda") and I've got a pen drive that shows up as using the
fourth partition ("/dev/sda4"). You might want to play around with
that. 

I've also read that the "noatime" option is a good idea or else the
kernel tries to update the times on directories with each access. I
don't know enough about the vfat implementation to know for sure,
but compact flash short life expectancy for writes, so it sounds like
good insurance.

> The kernel log messages (below) indicate that the cards are recognised
> as CompactFlash, even the size seems okay (64MB & 256MB cards), but
> the partition table cannot be read.

This suggests trying the raw device.

> root@netvista:~# uname -a
> Linux netvista 2.2.20 #1 Thu Feb 26 18:12:28 UTC 2004 i686 unknown

2.2.foo gave me random lockups with my pen drive. I had really bad
disk performance back then and the fsck after the lockup would take
an hour or so. I tried to get into the habit of 'sync'ing before
issuing the mount, and trying to keep the machine generally quiescent
while the drive was mounted. Always remember to 'umount' before
disconnecting.

2.4.18-14 still gives me random lockups, but not as frequently. I
haven't got 2.6.2 to play well with usb yet.

Elijah
------
admits he hasn't tried much recently either
0
Eli
4/2/2004 12:50:35 AM
Reply:

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Hi all, I'm using SuSE on my home machine with pretty much standard settings. Since upgrading to SuSE 9.3 I'm having trouble with getting an external USB HD properly recognized during boot up. The drive should be mounted as /Windows/D according to my etc/fstab listed below. /dev/hda3 / reiserfs acl,user_xattr 1 1 /dev/hda1 /windows/C ntfs ro,users,gid=users,umask=0002,nls=utf8 0 0 /dev/sda1 /windows/D vfat users,gid=users,umask=0002,utf8=true 0 0 /dev/hda2 swap swap pri=42 0 0 devpts /dev/pts devpts ...

Wrong block device when trying to mount a usb flash drive
Hello, When I try to mount my flash drive I got the following message: mount: /dev/sda1 is not a valid block device Then I asked myself if I had the right device. While trying to find what could be the right device, I found that maybe my system got the wrong usb driver by taking a look at /proc/bus/usb/devices: T: Bus=01 Lev=00 Prnt=00 Port=00 Cnt=00 Dev#= 1 Spd=12 MxCh= 2 B: Alloc= 0/900 us ( 0%), #Int= 0, #Iso= 0 D: Ver= 1.10 Cls=09(hub ) Sub=00 Prot=00 MxPS= 8 #Cfgs= 1 P: Vendor=0000 ProdID=0000 Rev= 2.06 S: Manufacturer=Linux 2.6.11+4 uhci_hcd S: Product=Intel C...

device names given to USB devices on Linux
I have an application which needs to mount the flash drives getting attached to the USB port on the Linux system. These flash drives can be of any model and from any vendor. To mount these flash drives i need to know the device name given to the flash drives like /dev/sd??.I know you can get the name by looking into the dmesg or /var/log/messages but i want to do it Programmatically. I went through lot of stuff regarding this but can't find the solution. Does anybody has an answer? Thanks Vikas On 7 Sep 2004 15:52:46 -0700, Vikas staggered into the Black Sun and said: > I have an app...

mount hangs while mounting USB storage device
Hello NG, i'm using SuSe 8.1. When I try to mount my iPod on the mount command hangs. Even if I try "kill -9" it doesnt stop. The only way (from my point of view) is to reboot linux. Has anybody a idea how to: - mount the iPod as a filesystem? - kill the hanging mount command? Regards, Patrick On Fri, 15 Oct 2004 12:11:00 +0200, Patrick Krauer staggered into the Black Sun and said: > i'm using SuSe 8.1. When I try to mount my iPod on the mount command > hangs. Even if I try "kill -9" it doesnt stop. The only way (from my > point of view) is to reboo...

mounting eeprom device as file system block device ?
Hi Is there anything available in sourcecode so i can mount an serial eeprom as a disk device ? I currently have eeprom access in userspace but i would like to have a driver so from user point of view it behaves like a disk (mountable ) drive Any hints ? Regards Johan i am talking about small serial eeprom devices (64K bit) "Sagaert Johan" <sagaert.j AT belgacom.net> wrote in message news:433280c8$0$18366$ba620e4c@news.skynet.be... > Hi > > Is there anything available in sourcecode so i can mount an serial eeprom as > a disk device ? ...

Automatically mounting USB storage devices under their correct mount points
I have two USB sticks and two USB hard drives connected to a PC. The USB sticks have been formatted as ext2, whereas the drives have been formatted as jfs. My question is, how can things be configured so that each of those drives gets mounted under its correct mount point at boot time? If I understand it correctly, the actual SCSI device associated to each piece of hardware will be selected at boot time, but I do not understand how that is done, or whether one has any control over it. For example, USB stick #1 might be associated with /dev/sda in one occasion, but with /dev/sdb on a...

not a valid block device
Apparently it only works every OTHER day. I got help with this Lexar SmartMedia card reader and Redhat 8.0. Some days, it works fine, other days, it complains that it's not a valid block device. The output of dmesg is below. Do you see anything in there that gives a clue? I can plug the camera in with its own USB cable and use gphoto2 to retrieve the files, so there's nothing wrong with the card. [root@crisium mnt]# mount /mnt/usb mount: /dev/sda1 is not a valid block device [root@crisium mnt]# /etc/fstab contains: /dev/sda1 /mnt/usb vfat no...

Mount usb device
I've problem to mount usb device. My machine using SCSI harddrive and already mount with /dev/sda1 - /dev/sda3. I try to mount with another mount point (such as /dev/sda4, /dev/sdb1 etc.) but the error message shown "is not a valid a block device" So, anyone who's using the SCSI harddrive and can mount the usb device. Please advice me or provide more information to solved the problem. Thanks in advanced Ramirez wrote: > I've problem to mount usb device. My machine using SCSI harddrive and > already mount with /dev/sda1 - /dev/sda3. I try to mount with another >...

[News] OpenSolaris Runs from USB, Linux Runs from USB, Where are Mac OS X and Windows?
Cool! OpenSolaris on a USB Bootable drive ,----[ Quote ] | This particular addition was made by an enthusiast, Anil Gulecha, | who's an engineering student in Bangalore, who picked up OpenSolaris | on his own and has started making additions to it. `---- http://blogs.sun.com/tatkar/entry/cool_opensolaris_on_a_usb More proof that Open Source brings you to the forefront. The companies needn't even intervene because there are tinkerers out there. Days ago: Mandriva Linux, 3D on a flash drive ,----[ Quote ] | Mandriva today launches Mandriva Flash, the first Mandriva | Linux Live ...

[News] Another Linux Device, Windows' Poor Handling of USB Devices Creates a Nuisance
Adware slips between pages of e-book ,----[ Quote ] | The infection appears to be the imgInSOY worm, which copies itself between | removable media and uses autorun.inf to infect any Windows system it comes | across. In addition to copying itself onto any more removable devices the | worm operates as adware. | | The Iliad is a Linux-based e-ink device which synchronises with a desktop PC | to download books or other documents the user wants to read, as well as | uploading sketches or annotations the user has made to existing documents. | But when connected over USB the device also ap...

Web resources about - Usb CompactFlash, mount: /dev/sda1 is not a valid block device - comp.os.linux.misc

CompactFlash - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is now used for a variety of devices; most contain flash memory but some, such as the Microdrive , contain a hard disk . CompactFlash became ...

CompactFlash - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is now used for a variety of devices; most contain flash memory but some, such as the Microdrive , contain a hard disk . CompactFlash became ...

The CompactFlash Association
Promoting the world wide adoption of the CompactFlash Standard since 1995 About Events Calendar CompactFlash Specifications Product Types CF ...

250MBps XQD cards to replace CompactFlash in high-end cameras
The CompactFlash Association has announced the successor to the longest …

The CompactFlash Association Announces the Latest Video Performance Guarantee (VPG) Profile 3 Specification ...
The CompactFlash Association (CFA) is pleased to announce the release of latest Video Performance Guarantee (VPG) Profile specification for CFast ...

Sony launches first XQD cards. Step aside, CompactFlash
The 16GB and 32GB cards read and write at 125MBps and can handle 100-photo bursts from Nikon's new D4 SLR. Read this article by Stephen Shankland ...

SanDisk, Nikon and Sony develop 2TB CompactFlash card spec
Sony, Nikon and SanDisk have developed a new specification for CompactFlash memory cards that promises photographers the ability to continuously ...

CompactFlash Association readies next-gen XQD format, promises write speeds of 125 MB/s and up
We don't need to tell you CF is one of the few memory card formats that's managed to survive the SD tidal wave (remember when you needed Memory ...

World’s fastest CompactFlash card now available from Toshiba
Normally, the main issue with expandable flash memory isn’t that it’s too expensive or that it can’t reac larger storage capacities, but that ...

RED RAY Drive Plays 4K, 2K HD Video from RED Disc, RED Express and CompactFlash
RED's last announcement for the day is the RED RAY disc drive, which looks like Darth Vader's optical drive of choice. It plays 4K, 2K (Epic's ...

Resources last updated: 2/18/2016 3:54:19 AM