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#### Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing SAS database to a text file...

I had a table in Excel which included an ID (identification number),
to 2000 characters) commenting on the corresponding ID. I imported
this table (via proc import) into a SAS dataset and then used the file
and put statements to write the dataset to a fixed-length text file
(i.e., for each record, the ID variabe was outputted to positions 1-4,
COMMENTS outputted to positions 6-2005, and the AMOUNT column
outputted to positions 2007-2012).

The text file, however, did not come out how I expected because some
of the text in the COMMENTS field wrapped over to the next line in the
text file (each record is supposed to appear on only one line in the
text file, not multiple lines). When I looked into the COMMENT field
in the SAS dataset I created, I noticed some tiny black, rectangular
throughout some of my records. I'm assuming those symbols represent a
carriage return/newline character (I don't know what the exact
terminology is for it)?? I noticed that wherever those symbols
appeared in the SAS dataset is where the text file broke to a new line
when the dataset was written to the text file. Is it possible to
eliminate this carriage return (or whatever it's called) symbol is
SAS? For my text file to be correct, I need to have each dataset
record appear on only one line in the text file and it appears as
though it is this carriage return which is making some of the comments
in my dataset to break to unexpectedly break to the next line in the
text file...

 0
wardnine1 (2)
4/11/2008 5:41:01 PM
comp.soft-sys.sas 142828 articles. 3 followers.

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Re: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing
I am pretty sure the offending character is '0A'x. It is inserted into the comment field in EXCEL by <ALT><ENTER> key combination, to produce a new line in a cell. You can easily translate it in your SAS program to a blank using the translate function. comment = translate(comment,' ','0a'x); On Fri, Apr 11, 2008 at 12:41 PM, <wardnine@gmail.com> wrote: > I had a table in Excel which included an ID (identification number), > COMMENTS, and AMOUNT column. The COMMENTS column were text notes (up > to 2000 characters) commenting on the corresponding ID. I imported > this table (via proc import) into a SAS dataset and then used the file > and put statements to write the dataset to a fixed-length text file > (i.e., for each record, the ID variabe was outputted to positions 1-4, > COMMENTS outputted to positions 6-2005, and the AMOUNT column > outputted to positions 2007-2012). > > The text file, however, did not come out how I expected because some > of the text in the COMMENTS field wrapped over to the next line in the > text file (each record is supposed to appear on only one line in the > text file, not multiple lines). When I looked into the COMMENT field > in the SAS dataset I created, I noticed some tiny black, rectangular > symbols that appeared sporadically > throughout some of my records. I'm assuming those symbols represent a > carriage return/newline character (I don'...

Re: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing #6
Clean the source Excel sheet. I do this on all Excel I import if they don't go in clean: find replace all "alt+0014 alt+0010" with a space, then if there are still offending characters use the excel function =clean() to make a clean copy of the column and import that. HTH ...

Re: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing #5
I don't see the point of compbl. All that is needed is translation of 1 character '0A'x to blank. There is no '0D'x in the data, and COMPBL will compress all occurrences of 2 or more blanks to 1 which may or may not be desired. Here is the log from my test program. 1 proc import datafile='CommentsWithNewLine.xls' out=test replace; 2 run; 3 filename ft17f001 'CommentsWithNewLine.txt'; 4 5 proc print; 6 *'0a'x prints looks like a little box; 7 run; 8 9 10 data _null_; *write the file with '0a'x; 11 set test; 12 file ft17f001; 13 put comment $char50.; 14 run; NOTE: The file FT17F001 is: File Name=E:\User\dataNull\CommentsWithNewLine.txt, RECFM=V,LRECL=256 NOTE: 1 record was written to the file FT17F001. The minimum record length was 50. The maximum record length was 50. 15 16 data _null_; *view it SAS sees '0A'x as new line; 17 infile ft17f001; 18 input; 19 list; 20 run; NOTE: The infile FT17F001 is: File Name=E:\User\dataNull\CommentsWithNewLine.txt, RECFM=V,LRECL=256 RULE: ----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8----+-- 1 This is 7 2 a comment with 14 3 new lines 27 NOTE: 3 records were read from the infile FT17F001. ... Re: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing #3 Comments =3D Compress( Comments , ,'KW' ) ; Toby Dunn "Don't bail. The best gold is at the bottom of barrels of crap." Randy Pausch "Be prepared. Luck is where preparation meets opportunity." Randy Pausch > Date: Fri, 11 Apr 2008 10:41:01 -0700 > From: wardnine@GMAIL.COM > Subject: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing SAS = database to a text file... > To: SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU > > I had a table in Excel which included an ID (identification number), > COMMENTS, and AMOUNT column. The COMMENTS column were text notes (up > to 2000 characters) commenting on the corresponding ID. I imported > this table (via proc import) into a SAS dataset and then used the file > and put statements to write the dataset to a fixed-length text file > (i.e., for each record, the ID variabe was outputted to positions 1-4, > COMMENTS outputted to positions 6-2005, and the AMOUNT column > outputted to positions 2007-2012). > > The text file, however, did not come out how I expected because some > of the text in the COMMENTS field wrapped over to the next line in the > text file (each record is supposed to appear on only one line in the > text file, not multiple lines). When I looked into the COMMENT field > in the SAS dataset I created, I noticed some tiny black, rectangular > symbols that appeared sporadically > throughout some of my records. I'm assuming those symbols rep... Re: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing #2 Comments = Compress( Comments , 'KW' ) ; Toby Dunn "Don't bail. The best gold is at the bottom of barrels of crap." Randy Pausch "Be prepared. Luck is where preparation meets opportunity." Randy Pausch > Date: Fri, 11 Apr 2008 10:41:01 -0700 > From: wardnine@GMAIL.COM > Subject: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing SAS database to a text file... > To: SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU > > I had a table in Excel which included an ID (identification number), > COMMENTS, and AMOUNT column. The COMMENTS column were text notes (up > to 2000 characters) commenting on the corresponding ID. I imported > this table (via proc import) into a SAS dataset and then used the file > and put statements to write the dataset to a fixed-length text file > (i.e., for each record, the ID variabe was outputted to positions 1-4, > COMMENTS outputted to positions 6-2005, and the AMOUNT column > outputted to positions 2007-2012). > > The text file, however, did not come out how I expected because some > of the text in the COMMENTS field wrapped over to the next line in the > text file (each record is supposed to appear on only one line in the > text file, not multiple lines). When I looked into the COMMENT field > in the SAS dataset I created, I noticed some tiny black, rectangular > symbols that appeared sporadically > throughout some of my records. I'm assuming those symbols represen... Re: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing #4 While a lovely suggestion and you don't have to know the values of the offending characters it produces undesirable results. It turns.... This is+a comment with+new lines in to This isa comment withnew lines Where I have used + to indicate '0A'x On Fri, Apr 11, 2008 at 4:34 PM, toby dunn <tobydunn@hotmail.com> wrote: > Comments = Compress( Comments , 'KW' ) ; > > > > Toby Dunn > > "Don't bail. The best gold is at the bottom of barrels of crap." > Randy Pausch > > "Be prepared. Luck is where preparation meets opportunity." > Randy Pausch > > > > Date: Fri, 11 Apr 2008 10:41:01 -0700 > > From: wardnine@GMAIL.COM > > Subject: Problem with carriage return/newline character when writing SAS database to a text file... > > To: SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU > > > > I had a table in Excel which included an ID (identification number), > > COMMENTS, and AMOUNT column. The COMMENTS column were text notes (up > > to 2000 characters) commenting on the corresponding ID. I imported > > this table (via proc import) into a SAS dataset and then used the file > > and put statements to write the dataset to a fixed-length text file > > (i.e., for each record, the ID variabe was outputted to positions 1-4, > > COMMENTS outputted to positions 6-2005, and the AMOUNT column > > outputted to positions 2007-2012). > > > > The ... running a sas file within a sas file Sorry to bug you all with such an easy one, but I havent had much luck with the usual help sources. I just want to run a sas program file within a sas program file. For example, in sas file 1 I want to set x equal to 2, then with file 2 invoked by file 1, I want to set y = 3. So sas file 1 looks like this... data data; x = 2; ***How do I invoke sas file 2 which sets y = 3 here???*** run; Thanks!!! On 9 jun, 09:20, zpe...@NATURE.BERKELEY.EDU (Zach Peery) wrote: > Sorry to bug you all with such an easy one, but I havent had much luck > with the usual help sources. > > I just want to run a sas program file within a sas program file. For > example, in sas file 1 I want to set x equal to 2, then with file 2 > invoked by file 1, I want to set y = 3. > > So sas file 1 looks like this... > > data data; > x = 2; > ***How do I invoke sas file 2 which sets y = 3 here???*** > run; > > Thanks!!! Here is a way. sas file 2 saved as your_file_location\inclfile2.sas: y = 3; sas file 1: data test; x = 2; %include 'your_file_location\inclfile2.sas'; put (_all_ ) (=); run; One could think macro, which could operate in much the same way, but can be more flexible. %macro setvar(v=y); &v = 3; %mend setvar; sas file 1: data test; x = 2; %setvar(v=z); put (_all_ ) (=); run; There are other ways as well. My question would be: why would you want this and in this way? Regards, Joep ... How to add a carriage return when write to text file? Hi guys, I am trying to write my output to a file. This is what I have so far: char path[256]; sprintf(path,"/example.txt"); if((fd=open(path, O_RDWR, 0))==ERROR) { printf("Error opening file %#x\n",errno); close(fd); } while (bytesPrinted < bytesNeeded) { sprintf (path, "%s \n", OutLine); write (fd, path, 56); } close (fd); I can't get OutLine to write to a new line everytime...The strings are all concatinated on one line in example.txt. How can I add a carriage return in the code so each line will be written to a new line? Thanks for your help, Binh On Mar 19, 4:19=A0pm, Binhminhmatt...@gmail.com wrote: > Hi guys, > > I am trying to write my output to a file. =A0This is what I have so far: > > char path[256]; > sprintf(path,"/example.txt"); > > if((fd=3Dopen(path, O_RDWR, 0))=3D=3DERROR) > { > =A0 =A0 =A0 printf("Error opening file %#x\n",errno); > =A0 =A0 =A0close(fd); > =A0} > > while (bytesPrinted < bytesNeeded) > { > =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 sprintf (path, "%s \n", OutLine); > =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 write (fd, path, 56);} > > close (fd); > > I can't get OutLine to write to a new line everytime...The strings are > all concatinated on one line in example.txt. =A0How can I add a carriage > return in the code so each line will be written to a new line? > > Thanks for your help, > Binh Oh, ... 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The simplest thing is: you could provide the statements you want to insert as parameter: %macro doit(stmt1=,stmt2=); ..... &stmt1 ..... &stmt2 ..... %mend; %doit(stmt1=%str(y=sqrt(y);), stmt2=%str(if y<2 then y=2;) ); with many other things you can do, e.g. conditional creating of statements, naming variables by parameters, create multiple statements with macro loops and much more. On the other hand: if you want to do such simple things like you wrote, avoid any %INC or %MACRO things! It is far more readable, if you don't use %INCLUDES. What do you think, that data-step will do: data a; %inc(inc1); %inc(inc2); %inc(inc3); run; ??? instead of: data a; set sashelp.class; if age>11 then age=11; keep name age; run; Gerhard On Mon, 9 Jun 2008 01:42:03 -0700, Joep Steeman <jsteeman@BUSINESSDECISION.COM> wrote: >On 9 jun, 09:20, zpe...@NATURE.BERKELEY.EDU (Zach Peery) wrote: >> Sorry to bug you all with such an easy one, but I havent had much luck >> with the usual help sources. >> >> I just want to run a sas program file within a sas program file. For >> example, in sas file 1 I want to set x equal to 2, then with file 2 >> invoked by file 1, I want to set y = 3. >> >> So sas file 1 looks like this... >> &g... 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