Last-modified: 1 Oct 2001
22 Grand challenges and HPCC
24 Suggested (required) readings
26 Dead computer architecture society
2 Introduction and Table of Contents and justification
4 Comp.parallel news group history
8 comp.parallel group dynamics
10 Related news groups, archives and references
18 Supercomputing and Crayisms
20 IBM and Amdahl
What is the list of "Grand Challenge" problems?
See the blue book.
And people say that I am cynical.
[Sorry Steve, I have run out of tee-shirts.]
NOTE: This list is updated every year. The most recent version can be
obtained from the National Science Foundation through email@example.com.
%Q Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy
%T The Federal High Performance Computing Program
%D Sept. 1989
%X Appendix A Summary, pages 49-50.
Prediction of weather, climate, and global change
Challenges in materials sciences
Design of pharmaceutical drugs
Challenges in Transportation
Efficiency of combusion systems
Enhanced oil and gas recovery
Computational ocean sciences
Undersea surveillance for ASW
What is ASW?
What constitutes a "Grand Challenge" problem?
"A _grand_challenge_ is a fundamental problem in science or
engineering, with broad applications, whose solution would be
enabled by the application of high performance computing resources
that could become available in the near future. Examples of grand
(1) Computational fluid dynamics for
the design of hypersonic aircraft,
efficient automobile bodies, and
extremely quiet submarines,
for weather forecasting for
long term effects,
efficient recovery of oil, and for many other applications;
(2) Electronic structure calculations for the design of new materials such as
immunological agents, and
(3) Plasma dynamics for fusion energy technology and
for safe and efficient military technology;
(4) Calculations to understand the fundamental nature of matter,
including quantum chromodynamics and condensed matter theory;
(5) Symbolic computations including
natural language understanding,
automated reasoning, and
and simulation of complex systems."
"A Research and Development Strategy for High Performance Computing"
Executive Office of the President
Office of Science and Technology Policy
November 20, 1987