[l/m 10/1/2001] Grand challenges and HPCC comp.parallel (22/28) FAQ

Archive-Name: superpar-faq
Last-modified: 1 Oct 2001

22	Grand challenges and HPCC
24	Suggested (required) readings
26	Dead computer architecture society
28	Dedications
2	Introduction and Table of Contents and justification
4	Comp.parallel news group history
6	parlib
8	comp.parallel group dynamics
10	Related news groups, archives and references
18	Supercomputing and Crayisms
20	IBM and Amdahl

What is the list of "Grand Challenge" problems?

Steve Stevenson:
	See the blue book.
And people say that I am cynical.
	[Sorry Steve, I have run out of tee-shirts.]

NOTE: This list is updated every year. The most recent version can be
obtained from the National Science Foundation through pubs@note.nsf.gov.
%Q Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy
%T The Federal High Performance Computing Program
%D Sept. 1989
%X Appendix A Summary, pages 49-50.
Prediction of weather, climate, and global change
Challenges in materials sciences
Semiconductor design
Structural biology
Design of pharmaceutical drugs
Human genome
Quantum Chromodynamics
Challenges in Transportation
Vehicle Signature
Vehicle dynamics
Nuclear fusion
Efficiency of combusion systems
Enhanced oil and gas recovery
Computational ocean sciences
Undersea surveillance for ASW

What is ASW?

Anti-Submarine Warfare.

What constitutes a "Grand Challenge" problem?

"A _grand_challenge_ is a fundamental problem in science or
engineering, with broad applications, whose solution would be
enabled by the application of high performance computing resources
that could become available in the near future. Examples of grand
challenges are:
(1) Computational fluid dynamics for
	the design of hypersonic aircraft,
		efficient automobile bodies, and
		extremely quiet submarines,
	for weather forecasting for
		short and
		long term effects,
	efficient recovery of oil, and for many other applications;
(2) Electronic structure calculations for the design of new materials such as
	chemical catalysts,
	immunological agents, and
(3) Plasma dynamics for fusion energy technology and
	for safe and efficient military technology;
(4) Calculations to understand the fundamental nature of matter,
	including quantum chromodynamics and condensed matter theory;
(5) Symbolic computations including
	speech recognition,
	computer vision,
	natural language understanding,
	automated reasoning, and
	tools for
		and simulation of complex systems."

"A Research and Development Strategy for High Performance Computing"
              Executive Office of the President
          Office of Science and Technology Policy
                    November 20, 1987

Articles: comp.parallel
Administrative: eugene@cse.ucsc.edu.SNIP
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eugene (428)
7/22/2003 1:02:58 PM
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